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Community Analysis and Program Paper

OVERVIEW
Paper Due Week 8

PURPOSE
The purpose of this assignment is to give you the opportunity to synthesize and apply the knowledge you have gained from all your courses toward the completion of a comprehensive community project for a chosen geographic/geopolitical community. The community can be a city, town, borough, county, or parish. You will critically analyze the health of the selected population using principles of epidemiology, and you will design an evidence-based and assessment-based intervention for health promotion/risk reduction.

The objectives of Community Analysis and Program paper are to develop skills to:

Assess the social determinants of health and healthcare needs of a selected community.
Gather historic, demographic, and bio-statistical data on a community.
Analyze data to identify a wellness deficit or gap in care or services or social determinant of health that negatively affects the health and well-being of this community.
Diagnose the strengths and weaknesses of the community.
Research evidence-based approaches to address the identified gap in care or services or social determinant of health identified.
Create a feasible, collaborative community intervention to address one wellness deficit or gap in care or services or social determinant of health identified in your analysis of this community.

[CO 1, CO 2]

INSTRUCTIONS
Identify the geographic/geopolitical community in the area where you live. Conduct a windshield survey of the geographic community. (Note: The time spent completing your windshield survey for this project can be used for your practice experience hours.) Use public information and databases to collect demographic and vital statistics data for the community you identified. Evaluate the data collected to analyze the health of the population and design an evidence-and assessment-based community intervention to address the wellness deficit or gap in care or services or social determinant of health identified in the analysis of this community.

Submit a paper of 1250 to 2500 words (5 to 10 pages), not including appendices, tables, and references that details your analysis and program plan. Your paper must follow APA style guidelines.

GUIDELINES
Community Assessment Background
Complete a Windshield Survey.
The Windshield Survey portion of your assessment should be completed by driving around the geographic community you selected (town, city, municipality, township, etc.). The Windshield Survey is composed of general qualitative observations that give you a snapshot of the community.
Refer to Chapter 11 in your textbook and consider the overall physical environment, levels of economic development and safety, access to food/grocery stores, recreation, health and social services, and public transportation.

Collect demographic, health, and vital statistics data.
Demographic and vital statistics data for the community you selected can be obtained online from the selected geopolitical community administration. If data for a particular geopolitical community is not available, you can supplement the information with data from the state in which the community is located.
All information needed for this project is in the public domain and accessible to you.

Writing the Community Analysis and Project Paper
Section I: Definition of Community—Identification and History
Give a brief description of the area assessed in terms of geographic location and history.
Describe significant trends and events related to current function and status of the community (e.g., was this a manufacturing community that has experienced plant closings and job losses?).

Section II: Assessment
Demographics
Describe the following demographic and socio-economic characteristics of your geographic community:
Demographics
Population size and density
Racial and ethnic diversity
Percentage of households where language other than English is spoken
Educational levels for residents > 25 years of age
Current unemployment rate
Types of occupations of residents
Per capita income
Percent of households with incomes below the federal poverty level
Median value of homes
Average age of homes
Demographics conclusion and summary–interpret demographics information, compare to surrounding areas if appropriate.
Windshield Survey
Summarize windshield survey observations with a focus on health and wellness.
Important available community resources to help families achieve optimal levels of wellness can be listed in the Appendix.
Representation
Describe the local government structure.
Who are the state representatives and what is their party affiliation?
Who represents the members of this community in the United States Congress?
Vital and Health Statistics
Summarize the most current available data with comparison to state and/or national rates for perspective, including the following information:
Incidence and prevalence of five most common major chronic diseases (identify chronic diseases)
Death rates for five leading causes of death
Infant mortality rates
Incidence of births to mothers Incidence and prevalence of five most common reportable communicable diseases
Crime/violence statistics; may include child abuse statistics
Vital and health statistics conclusion
(Tables may be utilized for succinct presentation and easy comparison. See also Demarco, Chapter 7.)
Vital and Health Statistics Summary
Summarize and analyze the findings.
Social Determinants of Health
Based on the community variables you assessed, describe at least two Healthy People 2030 social determinants that may negatively affect the health of this community and how you reached that conclusion.

Section III: Problem Identification and Plan
Community Plan
Critically evaluate all data and information collected to identify a wellness deficit or gap in care or services or social determinant of health that negatively affects the health and well-being of the population in this community. Clearly describe the relationship between your evaluation and problem identification.
Based on your assessment, what are some important strengths and weaknesses of this community?
Describe at least one evidence-based approach to address the identified gap in care or services or social determinant of health.
Create a feasible, evidence-based, collaborative community intervention to address the wellness deficit or gap in care or services or social determinant of health identified in the analysis of this community. Describe how this intervention builds on identified community strengths.

Section IV: Implementation and Evaluation
Describe the methods you would use to implement the intervention.
Describe methods you would use to evaluate the outcome of the intervention.
Who could be instrumental and able to implement your plan for this community?

Section V: Conclusion
In one paragraph summarize your geographic community and proposed intervention, and projections for the ability of this community to reduce the identified gap(s) in care or services or reduce the effect of a social determinant of health.

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