This is going to base in human right, international law, criminal justice policy, constitution / pub

The University of Portsmouth only needs my proposal to be well redrafted only. Please see their How to apply below.

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Patrick Obah

The critics/comments below are from difference schools to follow in rewriting the proposal
—Here are the comments from the Faculty on your latest proposal submission: “”Jungle justice” is no doubt an important issue but the question is how a thesis on it will make a contribution to the discipline of law, rather than criminology. The way to do that is probably to approach it from the perspective of legal pluralism: that is, to treat jungle justice as a type of informal law, despite its obvious illegality under Nigerian law and international human rights law. A thesis from this or some similar perspective within legal anthropology could make an original contribution to the discipline. Otherwise you will either be writing a thesis on criminology (which is what the Main General Proposal document looks like, or making quite obvious points about the illegality and immorality of vigilantism. Unfortunately no-one in our Law School has expertise in legal anthropology and therefore we cannot offer supervision in this area.”

—Thank you for your email. After discussions with the Faculty, unfortunately we are unable to progress your application. It was felt that the Contribution to knowledge is not well formulated and does not indicate the wider implications of such research. Also it was felt that the theoretical framework (e.g., human rights, good governance, rule of law, social justice) and research methodology is not sufficiently developed.

If you would like to re-submit you proposal at a later date we will pass it on for consideration.

—Some points to note in particular would be as follows:

The research proposal should be a maximum of 1,500 words including references but excluding the bibliography.
The proposal should engage further with the question of how the Ph.D. would make an original contribution to scholarship in the field.
The methodology should be specific, in terms of how precisely the research would be carried out and how the chosen methods would go towards answering the research questions. For example, one of the proposals mentions internships and externships, but who would these be with and how would they contribute towards answering the research questions? The proposal also mentions interviewing 1000 offenders, however demonstrating the viability of the research is important and it would actually be very unlikely that carrying out so many interviews would be possible within the constraints of a Ph.D. project. Also, it should be considered how the interviewees would be accessed and selected. A survey of 5000 public policy makers is also mentioned but how would this survey be carried out and how would the policy makers be selected? Additionally, trying to extrapolate data from 5000 responses is actually unlikely to be viable within the constraints of a Ph.D. Also, what would be asked about in the interviews and surveys, and how would these go towards answering the research questions? The other proposal refers to interviews, discussions and focus groups, however who would be the intended interviewees and participants, and how would the sampling be carried out? Also, in terms of the content analysis, precisely what types of content would be used?
Additionally, a timetable for the research should be included.
Many apologies that I have to give you disappointing news, but again thank you very much for sending the research proposals.

—This is University of London criticism

“The application was reviewed by the director of research at IALS, and was determined not to meet the standard expected to proceed to the next stage (ie formal interview). The proposal is in need of substantial improvement, including engaging with relevant literature and existing academic debates in the field.

—From the University of West London

The feedback from the school was as follows:

Sparce details given in terms of research methodology
No obvious contribution to research or academic framing of the topic
core focus of quoting biblical verses, best situated in a hybrid mix of theology and perhaps canon law (references to the Magna Carter notwithstanding).
not a proposal for legal research but rather appears a socio-cultural study

—This is from the University of Kent

Your proposal does not adequately define the object of research, the underpinning research questions, and the proposed methodology. The proposal should be also more precise in terms of situating your field of research and proposed contribution to knowledge within contemporary academic debates in law, history and the social-sciences and the humanities. References to the literature are not systematic.

Research proposals are usually between 2000-3000 words. When preparing your proposal, you should read our ‘Guide to writing a PhD or LLM by Research proposal’:

These are 2 schools I am applying to, including University of Portsmouth make it 3.

Dear Patrick

I am writing to you regarding your research proposal that you have submitted as part of your application for the Full-time PhD Law programme at the University of Bradford. We have reviewed the revised proposal that you have emailed us, however, I regret that it still does not meet our requirements.

As a reminder, here are the links to two guides on how to write a research proposal, should you wish to make further amendments:
General overview of how to format a research proposal
General information from
Thank you for your interest in the University of Bradford, and we wish you the best of luck with your future career plans.

Yours sincerely

Please remove the theological and biblical aspect I wrote or mentioned in the proposal . Anything religious please remove them. Even my profession etc.
Just make it legal writing. Use also international law dictionaries or encyclopedias as references etc and also make regard to Nigeria extra judicial killings, law, constitutions , human rights and international law when writing.
Patrick Obah

Use he guideline of University of Bradford and university of London to write the general proposal and redraft for university of Portsmouth separately

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