Include the genre (whether the text is a play, short story, poem, novel, or novella) and the publication year of the literary works in your answers.
Italicize the title of the play, novel, and novella (this is an MLA style); Put quotation marks around the titles of poems and short stories.
Moliere’s play Tartuffe (1669)
Charles Baudelaire’s poem, “To the Reader” (1857)
Gustave Flaubert’s short story, “A Simple Heart” (1877)
Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House (1879)
Franz Kafka’s novella, The Metamorphosis (1915)
Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart (1958)
Ama Ata Aidoo’s novel, Changes (1991)
For the questions of passage analysis, the following four components should be included in your answer: (a) Identify the author, genre, and the title of the text, (b) Explain the context (i.e. name the character and paraphrase what the character is saying, (c) Interpret the significance of the quotation, and (d) Connect your interpretation and analysis of the quotation to the major theme of the literary work
*Note: Please avoid summary or merely rephrasing the quotation.
Each question (#1- #6) for passage analysis should be at least 150 words.
Part II- For short essay questions (each about 250-300 words)
Part I. Passage Analysis (Questions 1-6, total 90 points, at least 150 words per question)
Please include the following four components in each of your answers:
(a) Identify the author, the title of the literary work, and the publication year.
(b) Explain the context- (i.e.) name the character and paraphrase what the character is saying.
(c) Interpret the significance of the quotation.
(d) Connect your interpretation and analysis of the quotation to the major theme of the text.
1. “So those whose hearts are truly pure and lowly/ Don’t make a flashy show of being holy. / There’s a vast difference, so it seems to me, / Between true piety and hypocrisy: / How do you fail to see it, may I ask? / Is not a face quite different from a mask?” (at least 150 words) – **Moliere’s play Tartuffe (1669) – Act 1 Scene 5 vs 71-76 – Cleante to Orgon
2. “Our sins are stubborn, our contrition lame;/ we want our scruples to be worth our while–/ how cheerfully we crawl back to the mire; a few cheap tears will wash our stains away!” (at least 150 words) – ** Charles Baudelaire’s poem, “To the Reader” (1857)
3. “The priest began with a sketch of sacred history. . . . The sowings, harvest, wine-presses, all the familiar things the Gospel speaks of, were a part of her life. They had been made holy by God’s passing, and she loved the lambs more tenderly for her love of the Lamb, and the doves because of the Holy Ghost. She found it hard to imagine Him in person, for He was not merely a bird, but a flame as well, and a breath at other times. . . . Of doctrines she understood nothing–did not even try to understand.” (at least 150 words) – ** Gustave Flaubert’s short story, “A Simple Heart” (1877)
4. “While I was at home with father, he used to tell me all his opinions, and I held the same opinions. If I had others, I said nothing about them, because he wouldn’t have liked it. He used to call me his doll-child and played with me as I played with my dolls. Then I came to live in your house….I lived by performing tricks for you.” (at least 150 words) – ** Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House (1879) – Nora to Helmer Act 3
5. “How do you think we can fight when our own brothers have turned against us? The white man is very clever. He came quietly and peaceably with his religion. We were amused at his foolishness and allowed him to stay. Now he has won our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one. He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart.” (at least 150 words) – ** Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart (1958) – Chapter 20 Obierika to Okonkwo
6. “My lady Silk, remember a man always gained in stature through any way he chose to associate with a woman. And that included adultery. Especially adultery. Esi, a woman has always been diminished in her association with a man. A good woman was she who quickened the pace of her destruction.” (at least 150 words)
– ** Ama Ata Aidoo’s novel, Changes (1991) – Chapter 14 grandmother to Esi
Part II – Short Essay Questions (each about 250-300 words)
* Please choose two essay questions out of the following three questions (#7, #8, or #9). Do not choose all three essay questions.
Gustave Flaubert’s “A Simple Heart” (1877) depicts the life and death of a servant named Felicite. How would you describe her as a servant and as an individual? What does Loulou mean to Felicite and what does Loulou symbolize in her life? What irony do you find concerning Felicite’s death, as opposed to Monsieur Bourais’ death? Why does Felicite on her deathbed smile, imagining that she sees a vision of the Holy Spirit in Loulou? What do you think Flaubert is trying to convey through Felicite’s “simple” life? Please provide at least two textual examples (direct quotations with page numbers) to prove and support your analysis (about 250-300 words)
Kafka’s The Metamorphosis (1915) can be read as a parable. What caused Gregor Samsa to become a giant beetle? What does the change of his body into a subhuman form signify? Why did Gregor feel dehumanized while working as a traveling salesman? In what sense is his bodily degradation a symptomatic manifestation of alienation increasing in modern times? What do you think Kafka is trying to convey through Gregor’s metamorphosis? What causes his death and what do you make of his conscious suicide? How is Gregor’s death related to his family’s treatment of Gregor and their views of what it means to be a human being in modern society? Please provide at least two textual examples to prove and support your analysis (about 250-300 words)
Chinua Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart (1958) centers on a traditional Umuofian man Okonkwo and highlights the influence of white missionaries and the British colonial power on the Ibo clan. Why is it important for Okonkwo to act like a real man on an individual level and a societal level? Does Okonkwo’s belief in the clan’s traditional culture clash with the new rules imposed by the British colonial power? Why does Okonkwo “mourn for the clan” and what causes the disintegration among the villagers? What does Okonkwo’s death symbolize in the novel? Please provide at least two textual examples to prove and support your analysis of the novel (about 250- 300 words).