Pagans vs. Christians Debate in the Roman Empire
Choose one of the Roman gods from their pantheon, and describe how he or she was worshiped, including rituals and festivals associated with this deity. Include images (if available) of temples and shrines dedicated to this god, and the benefits Romans believed were derived from this worship.
Next, discuss how Christianity challenged and offered a viable alternative to traditional Roman paganism. Include in your post the elements of Christianity that might have been appealing to the average Roman, and those aspects that would ultimately lead to Christianity’s acceptance as the de facto “faith” of the Roman Empire.
Sources on early Christian beliefs:
The Gospel of Mark (any translation)
1 Corinthians (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1COR+1&version=NIV)
Selection from Romans: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=ROM+7%3A22-8%3A17&version=NIV
Selection from Galatians: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=GAL+3%3A27-29&version=NIV
Sources on traditional Roman religion and Roman perspectives on the Christians:
Pliny and Trajan’s letter exchange: https://faculty.georgetown.edu/jod/texts/pliny.html
Ritual cannibalism charge against Christians: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/Halsall/ancient/christian-cannibals.asp
Description of several Roman religious rituals: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/Halsall/ancient/romrelig3.asp
Other websites on the Roman gods
List of the gods with some explanation: https://www.ancienthistorylists.com/rome-history/top-10-ancient-roman-gods/
Another list of gods: https://www.timelessmyths.com/classical/roman.html