CJUS-310 – Week 7 Discussion

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In Chapter 7 we learn about experimental design. Certain research questions and formulated hypothesis may needed to be tested to be understood. An experiment is done often with a control group and an experimental group; the experimental group receives the change, or experimental component, and the control group undergoes no changes, and is used as a comparison group for the experimental participants. 

We will have one question for discussion and students will need to respond to ONE post by a classmate for full credit for this module. 

Did you participate in DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) in elementary school? If so, what do you recall about the program? What kind of experimental design might we use to test the causal hypothesis that DARE reduces drug use? Is this experimental design feasible? Why or why not?

Looking at the DARE program is great way to understand that sometimes research doesn’t lead to immediate policy change. Rosenbaum and Hanson conducted a six year multi-level analysis of the effectiveness of DARE (published in 1998 in the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency) and found that the program actually increased drug use among suburban teens by a small amount. Today, a new DARE focuses on decision making and less on drugs specifically.

If you are interested in how a large program like DARE would be evaluated by researchers the below link is to a 2009 report by the Department of Justice that looks at the history of DARE and the failures of the program.

http://www.courtinnovation.org/sites/default/files/DARE.pdf

Rosenbaum, D.P & Hanson, G.S. (1998). Assessing the Effects of School-Based Drug Education: A Six Year Mutli-Level Analysis of Project D.A.R.E., Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 35, (4,) 381- 412.

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