The Right to Education as a Human Right
The right to education is identified as a human right and is understood to establish an entitlement to free for all also compulsory primary education for all children. An obligation to the secondary education accessible to all children as well as access to higher education. The right to education is one of the most fundamental right but also human right. The right to education to eliminate discrimination at all levels of the educational system, to set minimum standards and to improve quality of education. The education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The human rights shall promoting understanding and friendship among all nations, religious or racial groups and shall further the activities of the united nations for the maintenance of peace. This right to education is most fundamental as a human right. Education promotes a man, as individual freedom, and it shown way of life, change the thinking, and it makes smart.
2. What is the right to education?
Education is the most important thing in life, it makes sense, it effect on mind, it change the character. The right to education is a inherent right. Right to education is the right which deals with the right to know and right to change their life and life style. The various types of right to education are primary education, secondary education, vocational education and higher education. Every child has the right to education of primary education. “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. â€¦”. Education shall be free for development of human personality. The human rights are developing of understanding, gender quality and make a friendship among all nations.
3. Education and the 4 A’s:
The education should be meaningful right and it must be available, accessible, acceptable and adaptable. Every person shall be able to get the benefit from educational knowledge which is desire to get their basic learning knowledge.
Education should be available for all and without cost, minimum the primary education and fundamental level. The government should be able to make it available for the citizen. The governments have to make sure availability of school. ” States parties recognize the right of the child to education, and with a view to achieving this right progressively and on the basis of equal opportunity, they shall in particular; make primary education compulsory and available free to all”. The primary education and higher and also basic education should be available for all. Article 13.2(a) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights says, Primary education shall be compulsory and available free to all. The basic education should be available.
All of the educational institute should be accessible for everybody. Nobody can be discriminate on the basis of race, sex, color, religious, economic status, language and immigration status or disability. The school should be safe for all, the school should be reasonable distance from the community. Education should be affordable to all and text book. Higher education should be accessible for all and also equitable for all. “Persons with disabilities can access an inclusive, quality and free primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the communities in which they live”.
The education learning method of school should be acceptable to the parents for their children and they should be fulfilling the national norms that they set by the government also should be providing the equality educations. The method of education also is easy and acceptable to all. Adaptability should be depending on the learning method and life style.
Adaptability means the education has to be flexible and easy. Adaptability promotes equitable outcomes for learners. The education should be adaptable for children and youth and also higher student.
4. Human Rights Education and Human Rights:
Every children, youth, man and women has the human right to education, training and information and also fundamental rights dependent upon realization of human rights prospective to human rights education also a responsibility. “The States Parties recognize the right of everyone to education. Education shall enable all persons to participate effectively in a free society, promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among racial, ethnic or religious groups primary education shall be compulsory and available free to all Secondary education including technical and vocational secondary education, shall be made generally available and accessible to Higher education shall be made equally accessible to all”. We need to show respect on human right and human rights education.
Human rights education is provide information about human right to the people. “All human being are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood”. Article 28 and 29 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child(CRC), 1989 deals with the ensure the right to education, that means every states have to sure compulsory education and available without any cost, encourage the development of secondary education and vocational education and also government have to provide financial support if needed. On the other hand article 13 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), 1966 says about recognizes the right to education. “The States Parties to the present Convenant recognize the right of everyone to education. They agree that education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and the sense of its dignity, and shall strengthen the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. They further agree that education shall enable all persons to participate effectively in a free society, promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and all racial, ethnic or religious groups, and further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace”. The main objective of an human rights education is peace. Though the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women mention prohibits discrimination in education of women. “State parties shall take all appropriate measures to elimination discrimination against women in order to ensure, on a basis of quality of men and women”.
4.1 Women’s Human Right to Education:
The purpose of women’s human right to education is to develop the law to protect women’s human right to education. Another purpose is to improvement of human rights and women’s human rights. Some of the purposes are as follows:
- To developed women’s economic rights
- Women’s communications skills
- Women in politics
Women’s right to education has been made the equal access to education. Women’s can access any types of education such as higher education, vocational education and they have to give to opportunity to show their knowledge while women’s brains were smaller then mens for that reasons they are less capable then man.
4.2 Who Needs Human Rights Education
Human rights is a part of our education. Some group of people have a particular need for human rights education, some group of people have to know human rights education because of their official purposes and responsibility, this groups are below:
- Lawyers, judges and prosecutors.
- Law enforcement officer, such as police and security forces.
- NGO and Associations:
- Trade union
- Women’s organizations
- Migrant workers
- National or International association
- Government and Legislative officials:
- Member of the Parliament
- Military staffs
- Print and mass media
As we are human being all of we have to know the human rights education. Every people have to show the respect on human rights.
5. International Legal Setting for Right to Education:
While the right to education has been recognized in a great many international human rights treaties, the formulations used and the nature and the scope of the resulting obligations undertaken by states tend to vary significantly. Many country recognize the right to education through the Universal declaration of human rights, they make sure the primary education is compulsory and available free for all. “The states parties to the present covenent undertake to have respect for the library of parents and, when applicable, legal guardians to choose for their children schools, other than those established by the public authorities, which conform to such minimum educations standards as may be laid down or approved by the state and to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in conformity with their own convictions.”
6. The new challenge of education and human rights:
In this twenty first century the main challenge is make sure the education for all. In the African and Asian the millions of children living in poverty, who suffer many problems, they are deprive from the education and health. Another important matter is that how to make sure to available and accessible to all without any discrimination. Many of the developing countries do not give education high priority in their national budget, for that reason the poor people cannot send their children to educational institute. But every State are responsible to provide the free primary education and accessible to all.
7. Development of the Human rights education:
Education is the most important human rights, we need to develop this right and also we have to think about the education trainer or teacher for quality education. We have to proper implimentation on human rights convention to serve the right to education. Today education is the most important function of every state. To develop the human rights education to respect to human rights and fundamental freedom and to improve the self-respect and respect for other. ” Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further and activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace”. If we look the development of human rights education in Sweden, then we can feel they good situation in Sweden suppose they are human resources is skilled and peaceful for this reasons Sweden is free from terrorism, torture, free from violence of human rights. On the the other hand the developing countries has lot of problem about human rights education, they don’t have proper implementation on intonations treaties. Because of they have poverty, violence of human rights, terrorism and many more problems. Article 29 of the Convention of the right of children deals with the development of the human right education.
” The development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential;
The development of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations;
The development of respect for the child parents his or her own cultural identity, language and values, for the national values of the country in which the child is living , the country from which he or she may originate and for civilizations different from his or her own;
The development of respect for the natural environment”
8. The benefits of the human rights education:
Every people should be able to benefit from the human rights educational opportunities designed to meet their basic human learning needs. Educated people shall respect each other and and they can respect on human rights. Article 13 of the International Convenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is to establish a right to education so that everyone accordingly receives a suitable education consistent with the needs of the society in which it is provided. Individually the benefits of human rights education is to full development of human personality, collectively people can make a good society and peaceful environment. Benefits of good quality of learning opportunities are allow them a batter future.
The human rights education iss the deepest foundation of the modern human rights and the human rights education for all. The right to human rights education is commonly influences on economic social and cultural rights. The concept of the right to education has defined by the initiatives of the international human rights organizations. The fulfillment of the right to education of the four “A’s” ( availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability) the method of the 4 As have to be fullfill. The school teacher and teaching materials should be available and there must be equitable access for all also the education should be adaptable and flexible to the people. The right to education and human rights education is collaborately related to with an Economic, Social and Cultural rights for that the States have to be good relations with others State. In the human rights education the government have some obligations as respect their human right. The right to human rights education has empowers best understanding for the human rights.