History Of The Premier League Physical Education Essay

Premier League Premier League or just Premiership (English: Premier League / Premiership) division is the highest level of English football. It officially named Barclays Premier League (Barclays Premier League) because of its sponsor – English Barclays Bank. The Premier League is the most watched sports league in the world and the richest Cup in Europe.

Founded in 1992 and currently competing in her twenty team. In sixteen played so far season of Premiership champions are only be four teams: Manchester United (ten times), Arsenal (three times) Chelsea (twice) and Blackburn Rovers (once). Current champion is the team of Manchester United won the title in last round of the season 2007/08.

History:

Prerequisites:

Some events of the mid-eighties the 20 th century clearly show the need for fundamental changes in the organization of English football. His condition in those years was very poor – stadiums are in poor condition, facilities for fans are almost zero, and hooliganism is developed so that it leads to five-year ban on British Teams participating in European club tournaments.

In the early 90’s of 20 century English football started to recover positions. The national team reached the semi-finals of World Cup in Italy in 1990, part of the stadium are reconstructed after application of Reporting rules by Taylor for safety at football stadiums. This helps to increase the interest from fans who lead both to higher rates of matches and additional financial money from television rights.

Established:

At the end of the 1990/91 season, clubs from the then English First Division decide to create a new league, which financially to manage themselves teams, a sport-technical – by FA. The goal is very clubs to negotiate with sponsors and agree to sell television rights to matches. Official document forming the principles of existence of the new structure is signed on July 17, 1991

In 1992 all teams by the then First Division is en bloc seceding from the Football League and on May 27 In 1992 formally established the new company, called the FA Premier League. This distorts structure of English football there was no change in the past 104 years. The new Premier League takes place on top of English football pyramid and the old First Division (which retains its name) already covers the second level in the football hierarchy. Reserved are links between all divisions (and climb to relegation Teams between levels).

The first season of The Premier League is held in 1992/93 Take part in the league 22 teams. Sheffield United player of Brian Dean scored the first goal in the history of Premiership victory in his team with 2:1 against Manchester United.

In 1995 the number of times in the Premiership was reduced to 20. They are so today, despite FIFA’s proposals to reduce them, 18 made in the summer of 2006

Structure:

The Premier League is an organization dvaysete managed by the club acquired right to participate in it with their sport results. Each club plays the role a shareholder with one vote in decision making. The clubs elect Director, Executive Director and Board directors dealing with day management of the Premiership. The FA did not actively participate in the management of the league. She plays of a special shareholders’ right to veto when making important decisions, such as choice of leadership and change rules of conduct of the competitions.

General information:

Competition:

Match between Manchester United and Tottenham Hotspur during the season 2005/06

In the Premiership compete 20 clubs. Each team plays against every twice – once in their field and once the stadium of their opponent, which makes it 38 games per team and general 380 Premiership appearances for the whole of one season. At the end of the last three seasons Teams eliminated in the Championship, and in its take place the first two of the lower Division, with the winner of the playoffs, playing between the teams completed between 3rd and 6th place in the Championship.

The teams ended the first four places in the final standings, acquire the right to participate in UEFA Champions League, the first enter directly into two group stage the third and fourth are included in third qualifying round race and must prevail over opponent in the game from two matches. Fifth automatically wins in the Premier League participation in the tournament for the UEFA Cup, while the sixth and in the seventh can also be classified Depending on the results in tournaments Both bowls: If the winner and finalist FA Cup (FA Cup) in complete first five, then six teams participated the UEFA Cup. If the owner of League Cup in the first five, then place in the UEFA Cup goes to most successful and well unconverted present place team in the league. Unlike the FA Cup, this place does not go for the finalists.

Sponsorship:

Since 1993, the Premier League is officially sponsored by external companies. Company-sponsor has the right and choose the name of the race, but until all adhere to tradition simply add your name constant over the Premiership. Previous sponsors are:

1993-2001 – Carling (FA Carling Premiership)

2001-2010 – Barclays (Barclaycard Premiership 2001-04, Barclays Premiership 2005-07, Barclays Premier league 2007-10)

Teams:

Total 40 teams are taking part in the Premiership since its inception in 1992 until today. Two other clubs (Luton Town and Notts County) signed an agreement the creation of the league in 1991, but fall into last season before and creation and have not been able to return to top English Division.

Seven clubs have participated in each season from the Premier League founding until now. This is Arsenal Aston Villa, Everton, Liverpool, Manchester United, Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea.

Members of the Premiership during the 2008/09 season:

Team

Position in 2007/08 season in the Premiership

Total seasons in the Premiership

First season of current series in the Premiership (First Division)

Best in the Premiership standings

Arsenal

3rd

17

1992/93 (1919/20)

Champion

Aston Villa

6th

17

1992/93 (1988/89)

2nd

Blackburn Rovers

7th

15

2001/02

Champion

Bolton Wanderers

16th

10

2001/02

6th

Everton

5th

17

1992/93 (1954/55)

4th

Liverpool

4th

17

1992/93 (1962/63)

2nd

Manchester City

9th

12

2002/03

8th

Manchester United

Champion

17

1992/93 (1975/76)

Champion

Middlesbrough

13th

14

1998/99

7th

Newcastle United

12th

16

1993/94

2nd

Portsmouth

8th

6

2003/04

8th

Stoke

Championship (2nd)

1

2008/09

Sunderland

15th

7

2007/08

7th

Tottenham Hotspur

11th

17

1992/93 (1978/79)

5th

West Bromwich Albion

Championship (1st)

4

2008/09

17th

West Ham United

10th

14

2005/06

5th

Wigan Athletic

14th

4

2005/06

10th

Fulham

17th

8

2001/02

9th

Hull City

Championship (3rd)

1

2008/09

Chelsea

2nd

17

1992/93 (1989/90)

Champion

Former members Premiership:

Team

Total seasons in the Premiership

First season in the Premiership

Last season

FA Premier League

Best in the Premiership standings

Barnsley

1

1997/98

1997/98

19th

Birmingham City

5

2002/03

2007/08

10th

Bradford City

2

1999/00

2000/01

17th

Derby County

6

1996/97

2007/08

8th

Ipswich Town

5

1992/93

2001/02

5th

Coventry City

9

1992/93

2000/01

11th

Crystal Palace

4

1992/93

2004/05

18th

Queens Park Rangers

4

1992/93

1995/96

5th

Leicester City

8

1994/95

2003/04

8th

Leeds United

12

1992/93

2003/04

3rd

Norwich City

4

1992/93

2004/05

3rd

Nottingham Forest

5

1992/93

1998/99

3rd

Oldham Athletic

2

1992/93

1993/94

19th

Reading

2

2006/07

2007/08

8th

Southampton

13

1992/93

2004/05

8th

Swindon Town

1

1993/94

1993/94

22nd

Wimbledon

8

1992/93

1999/00

6th

Watford

2

1999/00

2006/07

20th

Wolverhampton Wanderers

1

2003/04

2003/04

20th

Charlton Athletic

8

1998/99

2006/07

7th

Sheffield Wednesday

8

1992/93

1999/00

7th

Sheffield United

3

1992/93

2006/07

14th

Premiership champions League:

Since the foundation of the Premiership hitherto been conducted sixteen seasons, where champions are becoming:

1992/93 – Manchester United

1993/94 — Manchester United

1994/95 – Blackburn Rovers

1995/96 – Manchester United

1996/97 – Manchester United

1997/98 – Arsenal

1998/99 – Manchester United

1999/00 – Manchester United

2000/01 – Manchester United

2001/02 — Arsenal

2002/03 – Manchester United

2003/04 – Arsenal

2004/05 – Chelsea

2005/06 — Chelsea

2006/07 – Manchester United

2007/08 – Manchester United

Champions of England:

Following 23 teams have won the top division in English football, it’s called First Division of season 1888/89 to 1991/92 and Higher League from season 1992/93 onwards:

18 titles — Liverpool

17 titles – Manchester United

13 titles – Arsenal

9 titles – Everton

7 titles – Aston Villa

6 titles – Sunderland

4 titles – Newcastle United, Sheffield Wednesday

3 titles – Blackburn Rovers, Huddersfield Town, Leeds United, Chelsea, Wolverhampton Wanderers

2 titles – Burnley, Derby County, Manchester City, Portsmouth, Preston North End, Tottenham Hotspur

1 title — Ipswich Town, Nottingham Forest, Sheffield United, West Bromwich Albion

Players:

Premier League Teams have full discretion to choose the number and the type of players who purchase. Rules the tournament does not impose any ceiling the amount of money given wage nor the number of players filing. The only rules are restrictive those of the immigration authorities who grant working visas to players from countries outside the European Union.

In the first round of the first Premiership season in 1992/93, only 11 is the number of players outside Britain and Ireland, which began as principals for their teams. Through 2000/01 total strangers is 36%. By season 2004/05 the percentage increased to 45%. On December 29, 1999 became the first Chelsea team from the Premier League starting line-up, done only by foreigners. On 14 February 2005 Arsenal out a composition in which both holders and reserves (total of 16 players) are foreigners.

In relation to concerns, that English clubs prefer to buy cheap foreign players instead of developing their soccer schools Ministry of Interior the United Kingdom in 1999 have highly restricted for a working visas to players outside the European Union. Candidate for such visa must prove that he participated at least 75% of official matches of the its national team in two previous years. The only other way is clubs to demonstrate that this foreign player has a huge talent and would help the development of many game in England.

At present the teams Premiership play over 260 players, not born in the British Isles. The class of the majority of them speak the fact that the World Cup in Germany in 2006 playing a total of 102 players from teams from the Premiership among which 21 of the 23-Mata of internationals England.

Salaries:

As a result of the enormous revenue generated by clubs from television rights, the salaries of players grow very fast years after the founding of the Premier League. In the first season of Premiership average annual salary for a footballer is £ 75 000. In season 2003/04 average wage reached its peak in past history of the Premiership — £ 676 000.

Transfer Records:

In fifteen season of existence of the Premiership record for highest transfer paid amount of football is to improve 11 times. The longest (over four years) unviolated remained the world record Transfers for the amount paid by Newcastle United for Alan Shearer in 1996

Over the years record amount paid for the following transfers:

£ 3,30 million in June 1992 (Alan Shearer – from Southampton to Blackburn Rovers)

£ 3,75 million in June 1993 (Roy Keane – from Nottingham Forest to Manchester United)

£ 5 million in July 1994 (Chris Sutton – City of Norwich in Blackburn Rovers)

£ 7 million in January 1995 (Andy Cole – from Newcastle United in Manchester United)

£ 7,5 million in June 1995 (Dennis Bergkamp – from Inter in Arsenal)

£ 8,5 million in July 1995 (Stan Kolimor – from Nottingham Forest to Liverpool)

£ 15 million in July 1996 (Alan Shearer – from Blackburn Rovers to Newcastle United)

£ 18 million November 2000 (Rio Ferdinand – from West In Ham United Leeds United)

£ 19 million in May 2001 (Ruud van Nistelrooy – PSV of Eindhoven to Manchester United)

£ 28,1 million in July 2001 (Juan Sebastian Veron – From Lazio to Manchester United)

£ 29 million in July 2002 (Rio Ferdinand – Leeds United to Manchester United)

£ 30 million in August 2004 (Wayne Rooney – by Everton at Manchester United)

£ 30 million in August 2006 (Andriy Shevchenko — from Milan to Chelsea)

£ 32,5 million in September 2008 (Robinho – by Real (Madrid) at Manchester City)

Top scorers of the Premiership:

Season:

Season

Scorer, club

Number of goals

1992/93

Teddy Sheringham, Tottenham Hotspur

22

1993/94

Andy Cole, Newcastle United

34

1994/95

Alan Shearer, Blackburn Rovers

34

1995/96

Alan Shearer, Blackburn Rovers

31

1996/97

Alan Shearer, Newcastle United

25

1997/98

Chris Sutton, Blackburn Rovers

Dion Dublin, Coventry City

Michael Owen, Liverpool

18

1998/99

Jimmy Floyd Hasalbank, Leeds United

Michael Owen, Liverpool

Dwight York, Manchester United

18

1999/00

Kevin Phillips, Sunderland

30

2000/01

Jimmy Floyd Hasalbenk, Chelsea

23

2001/02

Thierry Henry, Arsenal

24

2002/03

Ruud van Nistelrooy, Manchester United

25

2003/04

Thierry Henry, Arsenal

30

2004/05

Thierry Henry, Arsenal

25

2005/06

Thierry Henry, Arsenal

27

2006/07

Didier Drogba, Chelsea

20

2007/08

Cristiano Ronaldo, Manchester United

31

All time:

Standings

Football

Goals

1

Alan Shearer

260

2

Andy Cole

187

3

Thierry Henry

174

4

Robbie Fowler

163

5

Les Ferdinand

149

6

Teddy Sheringham

146

7

Michael Owen

136

8

Jimmy Floyd Hasalbank

127

9

Dwight York

123

10

Ian Wright

113

Data are as of May 12, 2008

Players with bold font are still in play Premiership.

 

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